Debunking the Truth About 5G! Dangerous or Myths
In the last few years, 5G has become a very popular concept. A lot of people have become quite familiar with the term 5G. This article is all about everything you need to know about this new cellular technology. If you’ve been curious about learning more about this new age cellular technology, how it works and whether there are any risks associated with using 5G enabled devices, this article is for you! Read on and learn more about this new-age cellular technology.
5G: A Brief Overview
5G represents the fifth generation in cellular technology. It’s the next leap in the advancement of the efficacy of wireless devices. By 5G technology, what is primarily being referred to is the speed of wireless devices. Now the term speed here includes two important concepts. These are:
The rate at which cellular device users can download all kinds of data on their mobile phones.
The lag or the latency experienced by mobile phone users when they receive or send information through their cellular devices.
4G vs 5G
If you’re currently using a 4G network and experiencing a 4G speed while using your mobile, the shift to the 5G network will allow you to experience faster data downloading and a shorter lag when you receive or send any information on your mobile.
The 5G network holds the potential to deliver data at 10 to 100 times faster rates than 4G networks. Imagine the kind of speed you’ll get to enjoy if you’re using 5G. When you download any data through the 4G network, the downloading speed is represented in megabits per second (Mb/s). On the other hand, for the 5G network, the downloading speed will be in gigabits per second (Gb/s).
The Advantages of 5G Network
Coming to the perks of using the 5G network, one of the most obvious and significant perks is that you can now use applications on your phone which you couldn’t in the past because of the file size. Owing to the fact that the 5G network allows you to transfer information and download data at gigabits per second speed, you can download things like movies or TV series in a matter of seconds! You can buy 5G mobile phones and experience for yourself the advantages of using this network. Other examples include autonomous driving cars and virtual reality apps!
The low latency aspect of 5G networks is another significant perk. This is because there are emerging technologies like self-driven cars, virtual reality, etc, that require a low latency rate. 5G networks reduce the latency below 1 millisecond. So, what does this mean? This means that you transfer data on your cellular devices in a very short period of time. To be precise, in under a thousandth of a second! To make this a reality, new infrastructure and technology are required.
How Does 5G Technology Work?
The electromagnetic spectrum’s radio-frequency bands have been responsible to date for 4G networks and the lower networks like 3G and 2G. Owing to the significant crowding on these networks that have occurred because of higher data requirements of users, 5G makes use of millimeter waves of higher frequency.
The millimeter waves that cellular providers want to make use of are 10 to about 100 times higher than the frequency of radio waves, which are being used for WiFi networks and 4G networks. Radio waves have wavelengths ranging in centimeters whereas millimeter waves have wavelengths ranging between 1-10 millimeters.
Millimeter waves require smaller base stations. This has created the opportunity for another technological breakthrough. This new breakthrough in technology is called MIMO (multiple-input multiple-output). Millimeter waves need smaller antennas. The MIMO configuration enables the base stations to have multiple small antennas at every base station. The hundreds of antennas at every station means that a greater number of people will be able to use the 5G network.
Is It Risky to Use 5G?
Now that you know all about the infrastructural and technological requirements of 5G as well the advantages that come with using 5G, the next question that arises is: Are there any dangers associated with the 5G network?
A lot of questions have been raised about the possible health hazards associated with the use of 5G networks. 5G networks use millimeter waves. These waves radiate more energy. However, according to many health experts, this is not something to be worried about.
But the question still stands that how can the radiation emitted from these millimeter waves not be a health hazard? To answer this, it is important to understand the difference between non-ionizing and ionizing radiation. All waves are radiation. However, the real health hazards are associated with ionizing radiation.
Ionizing radiations are a major health hazard because these radiations have the ability to break chemical bonds. That is why ionizing radiation can be considered to be risky and dangerous. An example of such radiation would be the ultraviolet rays of the sun (UVA and UVB). So, are the radiations emitted by millimeter waves ionizing, by nature?
The answer to that question is, no. The radiation emitted by millimeter waves is non-ionizing radiation. The wavelength of the millimeter is longer than those of ionizing radiation. Millimeter waves also do not emit enough energy to cause any damage to cells directly.
The only hazard associated with non-ionizing radiations is their ability to generate too much heat. The consequence of this hazard is that it can cause burns and other types of thermal damage. However, this hazard is only associated with occupational settings and only if these settings are very close to a high power radio frequency transmitter.
A lot of studies have been conducted over the last decade about the health hazards of RF waves and most of the findings of these studies indicate that there aren’t any health hazards associated with non-ionizing radiation.
The 5G network brings with it a lot of potentials to transform society as a whole and make day-to-day life more convenient. After understanding the implications of this new-age cellular technology and weighing the pros and cons, it can be said that the benefits of 5G easily outweigh the limited drawbacks.
Mohd Shees has been specializing in Digital Marketing & Content Development. He currently works as the Sr. Digital Marketing Executive at Ubuy Technologies. He loves to write articles about different topics to share his thoughts, ideas & knowledge with the world.